These images were made using a light painting technique. I typically do this after the sun goes down, although it can be done during the day with a neutral density filter. I set the subject on a table in front of a black science board. Using a tripod and a cable release, I compose and focus the subject. Then I turn off the lights and expose the image, usually for at least 8 seconds. During this time, the scene is illuminated by a flashlight moved over the subject, trying to avoid lighting the background. This technique involves a healthy component of trial and error.